alert!Poor pregnancy ending caused by vaginitis during pregnancy

Vaginal is an important genitals for women. Under normal circumstances, women’s vagina is not a sterile environment, but a complex micro -ecological system.There are a variety of microorganisms in normal vagina. Although there are many microorganisms, these microorganisms and host vagina depend on each other and restrict each other to achieve dynamic ecological balance and do not cause disease.

The vaginal wall consists of mucosa, muscle layer and outer membrane.The mucous membrane suddenly forms many horizontal wrinkle walls in the vaginal cavity, which is composed of epithelial and inherent layers.The epithelium is a flat layer of flat epithelium. Under the action of estrogen, a large amount of glycogen is concentrated in epithelial cells. The glycogen can be transformed into lactic acid under the action of vaginal bacteria, thereby maintaining the normal acidic environment of the vaginal (pH <4.5, and theMore than 3.8 -4.4).The acidic environment of the vagina is conducive to the growth of vaginal lactobacillus, but it can inhibit the growth of other pathogens.

In addition to the acidic environment of the vagina maintained vagina, H2O2 can also be secreted. H2O2 is a self -purified substance that has antagonistic effects between bacteria and can effectively inhibit the growth of certain pathogenic bacteria.Adhesive mucosa tissue or matrix, at the same time, is used to prevent pathogenic microorganisms from adapted to the vaginal epithelial cells through a competitive and exclusive mechanism. Under the action of lactobacillus, it can effectively inhibit bacteria growth and prevent bacteria from invading the uterus.

The normal vaginal flora is dominant with lactobacillus. However, due to the special period of pregnancy, the estrogen in women’s body increases significantly, which leads to an increase in glycogen synthesis and increased secretions in vaginal vaginal acid.

When the acidic environment of the vagina is changed, it is no longer conducive to the growth of lactobacillus; other microorganisms reproduce in large quantities, mainly in Gedner, mixed anaerobacteria (Dynamic bacteria, Prodor, Purple Single Bacillus, gastrointestinal, digestion, digestion, digestion, and digestionChain bacteria, etc., as well as human -shaped mycoplasma infection, increase the pH value, and inhibit the reproduction of lactiflasia. The vaginal epidermal cells that adhere to the bacteria have increased the vaginal secretion, resulting in bacterial vaginal disease (BV).

The increase in thin vaginal secretions of "fishy smell" is a special manifestation of bacterial vaginal disease, and it can also be accompanied by mild vulvar itching or burning sensation.However, this performance is not common. Most people often have votes in vaginal discharge, with gray -white, uniform and thin, like yogurt.

Some research records, about 10%-50%of patients did not show any symptoms and adverse signs, which caused the condition to be ignored, which caused adverse pregnancy endings.

Why is there "fishy smell"?It is mainly caused by anaerobic bacteria.The decarcase produced by the anaerobic bacteria can stimulate Gednerobacteria to produce a certain amino acid and produce volatile amine, which releases the unpleasant fishy smell amine.I would like to remind the majority of female friends that the performance of bacterial vaginal disease (BV) is basically similar whether you are in pregnancy or during pregnancy.Essence

If you are a pregnant mother with bacterial vaginal disease (BV) without causing your attention, bacteria will rise along the cervix, which may cause premature breakthroughs, amniotic fluid pollution, chorionic shellaticitis, premature birth and puerperium infection, etc.EssenceIf you are not pregnant, bacterial vaginal disease (BV) can affect the penetration ability of sperm due to its secretions, and it also has a certain impact on pregnancy, so you must also pay attention to it!If the bacterial vaginal disease (BV) during pregnancy can take oral metronidazole for 7 consecutive days, but because metronidazole can reach the fetus through the placenta, this medicine is disabled before 20 weeks of pregnancy.

So what should I do for bacterial vaginal disease (BV) during pregnancy?The main treatment method is to strengthen sanitary protection and self -cleaning, that is, make good vulva cleaning every day, replace underwear, and ensure hygiene conditions.Some clinical research attempts to treat short -term vaginal drug treatment for women in the middle of pregnancy (> 12 weeks); there are also research and observation of the application of lactic acid bacteria vaginal capsules after 14 weeks of pregnancy to treat bacterial vaginitisRest, improve the prognosis and health of maternal and infants [1].

As a healthkeeper, every time you receive questions about how to treat vaginitis, you always think: Why do you need to worry about treating inflammation and to worry about treatment, and effectively prevent inflammation is the fundamental.Here are some suggestions for women for your reference:

① Washing supplies: ready for your own cleaning basin and towels, and disinfection regularly;

② Keep the vulva clean, dry, and hygienic. If the body permits during pregnancy, it is not recommended to take a bath;

③ Pregnant women usually wear more cotton and loose underwear, change their underwear, clean the underwear alone;

④ When the secretion is increased, try not to use sanitary pads. If you want to use it, remember to change it diligently;

Finally, we remind female friends again that whether you are pregnancy or non -pregnancy, if the nature and smell of vaginal secretions are changing compared to before, you must pay attention. Do not ignore it. Don’t wait until a bad ending, regret it!

references:

[1] Zhu Yunying, clinical treatment analysis of 320 pregnancy combined with bacterial vaginitis patients, Chinese and foreign medical research, Issue 25 of 2013: 101

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