High blood sugar during pregnancy, will you get diabetes in the future?Will the fetus deform?The doctor made a text clearly

"I usually have a good body, and my physical examination is normal every year!"

"How to get pregnant, so much blood sugar?"

"Is blood sugar so high, will it affect the baby?"

This is a question raised by a expectant mother when she found that blood sugar increases during pregnancy.

Many pregnant women will encounter many health problems, including gestational diabetes, which will affect the physical condition of pregnant women during pregnancy. Therefore, they still need to know it and know how to prevent it.

What is gestational diabetes?

Diabetes for gestational diabetes is the first diagnostic diabetes during pregnancy.Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes can affect the use of sugar (glucose) in cells.Gestational diabetes can cause hyperglycemia, which may affect your pregnancy and your baby’s health.

Gestational diabetes may not cause any symptoms, and most of them are discovered when testing blood sugar during pregnancy.However, some expectant mothers have high blood sugar levels, and may have some symptoms, such as thirst, more urine than usual, fatigue.

Causes of gestational diabetes

1. Extraine that the body cannot produce during pregnancy:

Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that helps your body to use glucose as energy and help control blood sugar levels.During pregnancy, your body will produce special hormones and experience other changes, such as weight gain.Due to these changes, human cells cannot use insulin well, and this condition is called insulin resistance.All pregnant women have some insulin resistance in the late pregnancy.Most pregnant women can produce sufficient insulin to overcome insulin resistance, but some cannot.This part of pregnant women suffer from gestational diabetes.

2. Overweight or obesity is related to gestational diabetes:

Insulin resistance may have appeared after pregnancy.The increase in weight during pregnancy may also be a factor.

3. Family history of diabetes:

Some family history increases the possibility of women with gestational diabetes, which shows that genetic factors also play an important role.

When does gestational diabetes happen?

Gestational diabetes is diagnosed by blood testing. After taking sugar, the glucose level in the blood is measured.If your blood glucose level is too high, you have gestational diabetes.Some only need to test once to make a clear diagnosis.

Gestational diabetes usually does not occur early. Until the late pregnancy, when the placenta produces more hormones that interfere with the mother’s insulin.The screening of gestational diabetes is usually carried out between 24 and 28 weeks, but high -risk women may be screened in the early stages of pregnancy.

The impact of gestational diabetes on pregnant women:

The Meio Medical Center "Guidelines for Gestational Diabetes" stated::

Specific mothers can help control gestational diabetes by eating healthy foods, exercising the body, and taking drugs when needed.Control blood glucose can keep you and your baby healthy and prevent delivery difficulties.

Among women with gestational diabetes, blood glucose usually returns to normal shortly after childbirth.However, if pregnant women suffer from gestational diabetes, they are likely to have type 2 diabetes, so they need to check blood sugar changes regularly.

The effect of gestational diabetes on fetus:

The placenta grows with the baby’s growth.Placental hormones help infants grow.But these hormones also prevent the mother’s insulin in the body.Insulin resistance makes it difficult for the mother’s body to use insulin.It may require up to three times insulin.

When your body cannot make and uses all insulin required for pregnancy, gestational diabetes appears.Without sufficient insulin, glucose cannot be used and converted into energy.Glucose has accumulated high levels in the blood, called hyperglycemia.

In the American Diabetes Association "How to affect your baby":

Gestational diabetes will be in the late pregnancy, after the child’s body is formed, but it will affect the mother during the child’s development process.Therefore, gestational diabetes does not cause congenital defects.

However, some pregnant women suffer from diabetes before pregnancy, and babies may have congenital defects.

However, without treatment or improper control of gestational diabetes will hurt your baby.When you have gestational diabetes, the pancreas will be overloaded to produce insulin.Although insulin cannot pass through the placenta, glucose and other nutrients are OK.As a result, excess blood sugar will pass through the placenta, resulting in the increase in blood glucose levels of infants.This can cause the baby’s pancreas to produce more insulin, thereby eliminating glucose in the blood.Because children get more energy than the energy required for growth and development, excess energy is stored in the form of fat.This may lead to huge babies.Because babies’ pancreas produce additional insulin, the blood glucose level may be very low when newborn is born, and it is more likely to cause breathing difficulties.Babies with excessive insulin at birth have the risk of obesity, and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes after adulthood.

How to prevent gestational diabetes?

Weight management:

Before pregnancy, if you are overweight and regular physical exercise, you may prevent gestational diabetes by reducing weight.If you are pregnant, don’t try to lose weight, and you need to increase some weight slowly to your baby’s health.

Gestational Diabetes Management:

Check blood sugar regularly to ensure that the blood sugar level of pregnant women is kept within a healthy range.

Eat the appropriate amount of healthy food at the right time.Follow the health diet plan set by doctors or nutritionists.

Keeping active, regular medium -intensity exercise (such as fast walking) will reduce blood sugar and make you more sensitive to insulin.

Check the growth and development of the fetus regularly.If a healthy diet and activity are not enough to control blood sugar, drug therapy can be given if necessary.

During pregnancy, maintain a balanced diet and follow a variety of eating habits, instead of eating a lot of foods of the same type, so that the fetus can get all the nutrition he needs.

Summarize:

1. Once pregnant women suffer from gestational diabetes, they may develop type 2 diabetes in the future.

2. Gestational diabetes generally does not cause fetal deformedness.But diabetic pregnant women may cause.

3. Pregnant women have gestational diabetes, and the fetus has the risk of developing type 2 diabetes after adulthood.

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