In ancient times, what can our ancestors eat?

What to eat in the morning, what to eat at noon, and what to eat at night

Living in the modern and rich modernity, we hesitated to choose, the ancients did not have such a happy trouble. They often faced single -choice questions, and the worse situation was that they could not choose to be hungry.

If "crossing" back to ancient times,

What do our ancient people eat every day? The blind food in film and television dramas?

Chinese dynasty year watch

At the end of the Han Dynasty: In the Battle of the CCTV version of "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms", the soldiers of Cao Ying’s prime minister were hungry and eaten raw corn.

Corn: In the middle and late Ming Dynasty

Song Dynasty: In the first episode of the new version of "Water Margin", a close -up lens, Song Jiang and Gongsun Sheng fought sword in the cornfield.

Corn: In the middle and late Ming Dynasty

Song Dynasty: In the 29th episode of the TV series "Detective Bao Qingtian", Master Bao and his party faced the fragrant corn and sweet potatoes.

Corn, sweet potato: late Ming Dynasty

Ancient: TV series "Flying Flying in the Sky" stills, Hu Ge and Lin Yichen’s drama set love with sweet potatoes

Sweet potato: late Ming Dynasty

At the end of the Han Dynasty: "Guan Yunchang", Guan Erye put down the Qinglong Yueyue knife, cut the carrot

Carrot: After the Song Dynasty

During the Northern and Southern Dynasties: Lu Zhen prayed in front of the Buddhist temple in "The Legend of Lu Zhen" and worshiped the fruit plate of the Bodhisattva.

Fire Dragon Fruit: Late Ming Dynasty

During the Northern and Southern Dynasties: Stills of "Langya Bang", Emperor Liang Da Banquet, and apples in the fruit plate

Apple: late 19th century

During the Spring and Autumn Period: "Zhao’s Orphan" stills, Uncle Ge plays Cheng Ying to cook noodles for Zhao Gu

Noodles: After the Yuan Dynasty

In the middle of the Qing Dynasty: In "Step Step by Step", the Siye Yongzheng said that his favorite is the Taiping Monkey Kui. The Taiping Monkey Kui is one of the famous Chinese tea in China.Items

Taiping Monkey: During Qing Xianfeng years

There are countless examples that are not consistent with historical facts, directors, screenwriters …

"Crossing" Back in ancient times, what can you eat every day?

Ancient Chinese people ate only 2 meals a day. The first meal was around 9 am, called "Chao Food", and the second was around 4 pm.Many people have developed the habit of eating another meal after night. This meal is the "supper" we often say. To understand their three meals, let’s see what they eat.

Our ancestors make a living by hunting, but unfortunately, they can only grill the cooking method;

With the invention of the pottery, with the earliest cooking (rice and millet), as for other non -staple food, it is completely listening to the state of life;

The dishes are slightly richer, and they are often eaten as "Grand Valley" and "Five dishes". Perhaps they can also stew and drink milk;

"Gut Valley" is: rice, tadpoles, tadpoles, wheat, 菽 [shū], probably the rice, yellow rice, millet, wheat, soybean, etc. we are familiar with today.

"Five dishes" are: sunflowers, Hu (huò), 薤 (xiè), shallots, and chives, which are Dongwin Kwa (also said that it is okra), bean seedlings, wild garlic, green onions, leeks.

However, the food output is still not high, and the meat is slightly richer than the staple food.Whether it is vegetables or meat, it is basically boiled, or all put together to make a hodgepodge together, which is the "pupa" that the ancients said.

The main method is to stew and cook, similar to the practice of our preserved egg and lean porridge. The nobles can eat meat, and ordinary people can only eat vegetables. Because there is no seasoning at the time, the method is relatively rough, so basically talk about it.It’s not delicious or delicious, it can only be said to be full.

The main foods are still rice, beans, and corn porridge.This era has appeared (huò, the prototype of the pot).This thing is mainly used for stewing. At that time, the cooking methods were boiled or baked.

The Han Dynasty was very popular in the Han Dynasty.When barbecue, the grilled side should be cut off quickly, and then baked. In this way, the food that is "cooked" is "smooth and beautiful".This meets our highest requirements for barbecue today: cooked, but still tender.Seasoning salt is an official selling, and the sale of private salt must be killed or even the nine tribe.At that time, the seasonings and spices were very small, and the taste made is not delicious;

Later, Zhang Jian brought back cucumber, grapes, pomegranate, garlic, etc., but did not flow into the people on a large scale.

Special reminder, friends who like to eat beef should pay attention!If you eat beef during the Qin and Han dynasties, you may kill the penalty!

The original wheat, like other grains, made wheat rice through cooking, but the wheat shell is really rough. Later, a foodie was put on the stone to grind it.Powder, this is also the earliest flour.At the same time, lentils, eggplants and lettuce came from the Western Regions, which enriched the types of ingredients.

Rice has begun to grow widely, and ordinary people have achieved "free rice". At that time, the meat was mainly lamb, and spinach in vegetables was introduced from Nepal to China. With the progress of wheat technology, ordinary families could almost eat noodles.Waiting for pasta, but the taste is relatively rough, usually with beans and wild vegetables.

For the sweet party, sugar is gradually moving towards the people.The sugar workshop of the Tang Dynasty will make a variety of delicate sweets. Whenever there are "explosive models", Changan and Luoyang’s "fashionistas" will buy it out.The sucrose is coward, the rock sugar and walnut kernels and pine nuts are made into frosting cakes. They can also be made with green plums, orange cakes, and osmanthus.There is also a kind of cold dessert called "Crispy Mountain". It heated the "crispy" (cheese), dripped in the utensils to make the shape of a mountain, and then frozen in the ice cellar.The ice cream is the same.

The biggest change in the food industry is the appearance of iron pots, which has gradually become the mainstream. The ancients finally bid farewell to the fate of eating water and cooking vegetables.Different pastries appear.In short, in the Song Dynasty, you can eat stir -fried, soup, fried products and pastries, and food began to really eat to a delicious stage.

In the early days, there was basically no contribution, but peppers were introduced to China in the late Ming Dynasty.The first way is to pass through the land Silk Road, and then cultivate in Gan, Shaanxi and other places.When the pepper was introduced, it was mainly used for viewing, and later it was made by flowers, and then the vegetables were used as a seasoning.Prior to this, Chinese spicy condiments were mainly ginger, pepper, pepper, etc.After the pepper is introduced, the "protagonist" gradually assumed the spicy flavor,

In the late Ming Dynasty, corn, potatoes, sweet potatoes, carrots, carrots, peanuts, tomatoes, pineapple, bean horns, etc., but these ingredients are still precious, and ordinary people are still difficult to eat.

A food that changes the destiny of the Chinese is potatoes!With the high yield of potatoes, most people’s eating problems have been solved, leading to a substantial growth of the population.The difference between the diet of the Qing Dynasty and the modernity is not very large. Take the Emperor Qing of the Qing Dynasty. For example, the Qing Dynasty emperor was particularly luxurious in eating. You need to eat 100 dishes for a meal.Come here.

Starting from the stage of fullness and deliciousness, it has begun to transition to the stage of nutrition and health;

What fruits can the ancients eat?

The fruits that the ancients can eat are very limited, because many fruits are not produced in the native, but are introduced in exotic:

The apples we often eat now are Western apples. They were introduced to China during the Tongzhi period. They were first planted in Yantai and other places in Shandong. These Western apples are Fuji Apple, Marshal Apple, Guoguang Apple, Gala Apple, etc.

In fact, we also had apples in ancient times.During the Xia Yu period, there were "purple", and "sand fruit" during the Han Dynasty;

According to research, whether in ancient Chinese apples or Western apples, the ancestors were "Xinjiang Wild Apple". Only after millions of years evolved, Chinese apples and Western apples would become different.How the Xinjiang wild Apple was introduced into Europe, and it is still a controversial topic to this day.

There are many ways to say about the origin of watermelon. The most popular point of view believes that watermelon is native to Africa, and later artificially cultivated into watermelon.

Among the Egyptian Lao Tombs more than 5,000 years ago, watermelon appeared in pictographs. You can know that people in Egypt at that time planted watermelon.

Around the Five -Year Plan century, watermelon was introduced into China from the Western Regions, which is also the origin of watermelon names.

Banana was first discovered in Southeast Asia. In 327 BC, the Arabs brought bananas to Africa, and were later brought to the Americas by the Caribbean explorers and missionaries.

Bananas were mentioned in the early Greece, Latin and Arabic works, and Alexander also saw bananas when expeditions India.

Strawberries were native to the Americas. Before being discovered by European colonists, local indigenous people had often eaten them.

In China, wild strawberries have always been available, but artificial cultivation strawberries were introduced by Russia in 1915.

The earliest human cultivation grapes were about 6,500 BC, and then Zhang Jian made envoys in the Western Regions and introduced Dawan grapes. The ancients used grapes to make wine.

China has been recorded in cherry very early;

The sweet cherry that we are common now originated in Europe, which was introduced in the 19th century, and was widely planted in China.

Although "cherry" is often called cherry now, the cherry itself is the transliteration of cherry English "Cherry", and many cherries on the market are cultivated local.

Dragon fruit originated in Central America, and was introduced to Southeast Asian countries and my country in the late Ming Dynasty.

The name of the dragon fruit is derived from its appearance like the red dragon scales. The dragon fruit is mostly red skin. The meat inside is three types: white, red and pink.

Pineapple originated in South America and found that Columbus in the New World brought this fruit back to Europe. Later, the Europeans spent two centuries to improve it into greenhouse cultivation fruits.

About the late Ming Dynasty, pineapple passed into China.In different regions of China, pineapple is also called "pineapple".

According to records, the earliest wild pomegranate grown in Iran and Turkmenistan to the outer Caucasus and Central Asia in northern India. It is also considered to be local products in these regions.

Pomegranate was mentioned in the Bible, the Gulan and some Buddhist classics.The history of Chinese cultivation pomegranates can be traced back to the Han Dynasty. It is a fruit brought back from Zhang Jian from the Western Regions.

In traditional Chinese culture, pomegranates have been given the meaning of more children and blessings, so they are very popular.

Pear has three main origins, including the Caucasus Mountains in China, Asia Minor to the Middle East and Central Asia.It should be known that the output of Chinese pears accounted for 70%of the world’s share.

Chinese pears are mainly distributed in the Yellow River Basin, the Yangtze River Basin, and southern areas. The breeds of white pear are more cultivated, including Yali, crisp pear and Swilm.

China is one of the origin of citrus and has a history of cultivation for more than 4,000 years.

Citrus includes citrus, orange, orange, kumquat, pomelo, cricket and other varieties.

In the 15th century, sweet orange was introduced to the Mediterranean coast and passed on to Latin America and the United States.In 1821, kumquats were introduced into Europe.

For a long time, peaches were called Persian fruit;

Later, through the research of botanists, Taozi originated from China, which has become a recognized by world scholars.In the archeology of the Hemodu New Stone Site in Henu, the Bronze Age of Erligang, Zhengzhou, Henan, and the archeology of the Shang Dynasty sites in Taixi Village, Tancheng County, Hebei, the existence of peach cores or peach kernel was found.

Jujube (red dates) are native to China. There are currently more than 8,000 years of cultivation history, with more than 400 varieties.The jujube tree was first spread to other parts of Asia, and was later introduced to Europe and the United States.

In traditional Chinese culture, red dates are nourishing sacred products, which are often used to make medicated diet or directly admitted to medicine.

Litchi originated in China, and time can be traced back to the Han Dynasty more than 2000 years ago.

The ancients had a lot of beautiful words for litchi. We are familiar with "one riding a red concubine with a smile, no one knows that it is lychee" and "300 litchi in the sun, and do not leave the Lingnan people."

There are more than 7,000 years of planting mulberry trees in China, and there are already text, silkworm, silk and other text in Oracle.According to legend, Shennong had tasted mulberry. The history book recorded that Liu Xiu fled in the late Western Han Dynasty to eat mulberry to fill hunger.

Mulberry can not only be used as a fruit, but also for brewing wine, which has good medicinal value.

Persimmon originated in China and later spread to Japan, South Korea and Southeast Asia.

There are more than 1,000 persimmon varieties in our country. From ancient times to the present, persimmons are not only used for fresh food, but more common methods are to make persimmons. The persimmon cream on the persimmon is also used as Chinese medicine.The effect of lung cough.

Many people think that kiwi is a foreign fruit, especially when it is called "Kiwi Fruit", in fact, it is an English translation of kiwi English "Kiwi FRUIT".

Kiwi was originally from southern China and was introduced to New Zealand in the early 20th century. At that time, it was called "Chinese vinegar chestnut". However, because of the Western discharge of Chinese, New Zealanders were renamed "Strange Fruit".

Although many people think that coconut originated from Southeast Asia, the most recognized statement is from South Asia.Coconut was mentioned in Sanskrit books in the 4th century BC. It was the staple food of Indians at that time, which was very common in daily life.

The earliest mention of coconut works in China was Sima Xiangru of the Western Han Dynasty, but there was no specific record when it was cultivated in China.

There are several ways to say about the origin of sugarcane. One of them is originally from New Guinea or India, and it was introduced to the local area through the Zhou Dynasty of the Zhou Dynasty.

Another saying is that China is one of the origin, because at the end of the 4th century BC, China had "柘", and "柘" was later generated into "sugar sugar", and the name of sugar cane conforms to the habit of Chinese independent domestication plants.It did not add "Hu", "Fan", "foreign" or foreign place names, nor did he adopt a transliteration method.

Conclusion

The pursuit of food runs through the development of the entire history,

Only to form a colorful Chinese food culture today.

If you give you the time machine,

In which dynasty can "cross" can "eat and eat"?

S21 Double Breast Pump-Aurora Pink


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